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  Skip Navigation LinksHome ->Standards ->Unicode Print   Font increase   Font size reset   Font size decrease

UNICODE

The Unicode Consortium is a non-profit organization devoted to developing, maintaining, and promoting software internationalization standards and data, particularly the Unicode Standard, which specifies the representation of text in all modern software products and standards. The Unicode Consortium actively develops standards in the area of internationalization including defining the behaviour and relationships between Unicode characters. The Consortium works closely with W3C and ISO—in particular with ISO/IEC/JTC 1/SC2/WG2, which is responsible for maintaining ISO/IEC 10646, the International Standard synchronized with the Unicode Standard.

The latest electronic version of the Unicode Standard can be found at Unicode site. The publications of the Unicode Consortium include Unicode Standard, with its Annexes and Character http://www.unicode.org/ucd/, Unicode Technical Standards and Reports http://unicode.org/reports/, Unicode Technical Notes and the Unicode Locales project, the Common Locale Data Repository.

The Unicode Character Standard primarily encodes scripts rather than languages. That is, where more than one language shares a set of symbols that have a historically related derivation, the union of the set of symbols of each such language is unified into a single collection identified as a single script. These collections of symbols (i.e., scripts) then serve as inventories of symbols which are drawn upon to write particular languages. In many cases, a single script may serve to write tens or even hundreds of languages (e.g., the Latin script).

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